Medical-Surgical Nursing

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 4: IV Catheters & IV Complications - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 4: IV Catheters & IV Complications

Cathy Parkes

The difference between peripheral venous catheters and central venous catheters. IV complications, including: phlebitis, infiltration, extravasation, catheter embolus, air embolus, thrombosis, and fluid overload.

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Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 4: IV Catheters & IV Complications

Cathy Parkes

The difference between peripheral venous catheters and central venous catheters. IV complications, including: phlebitis, infiltration, extravasation, catheter embolus, air embolus, thrombosis, and fluid overload.

1 comment
Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 24: Acid-Base Imbalances - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 10: Acid-Base Imbalances

Cathy Parkes

The following acid-base imbalances: respiratory alkalosis, respiratory acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, and metabolic acidosis. The causes, signs/symptoms, and treatment of each of these disorders.

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Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 10: Acid-Base Imbalances

Cathy Parkes

The following acid-base imbalances: respiratory alkalosis, respiratory acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, and metabolic acidosis. The causes, signs/symptoms, and treatment of each of these disorders.

1 comment
Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 23: Electrolyte Imbalances - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 9: Electrolyte Imbalances

Cathy Parkes

Electrolytes and electrolyte imbalances. The causes, signs/symptoms, and treatment of hypernatremia, hyponatremia, hypercalcemia, hypocalcemia, hyperkalemia, hypokalemia, hypermagnesemia, and hypomagnesemia.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 9: Electrolyte Imbalances

Cathy Parkes

Electrolytes and electrolyte imbalances. The causes, signs/symptoms, and treatment of hypernatremia, hyponatremia, hypercalcemia, hypocalcemia, hyperkalemia, hypokalemia, hypermagnesemia, and hypomagnesemia.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 22: Fluid Volume Deficit and Excess - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 8: Fluid Volume Deficit and Excess

Cathy Parkes

The risk factors, signs/symptoms, labs, treatment, and nursing care associated with fluid volume deficit and fluid volume excess.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 8: Fluid Volume Deficit and Excess

Cathy Parkes

The risk factors, signs/symptoms, labs, treatment, and nursing care associated with fluid volume deficit and fluid volume excess.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 21: Blood Transfusions - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 5: Blood Transfusions

Cathy Parkes

The types of blood products and infusion times for each of these products. Best practices for blood transfusions and the different types of blood transfusion reactions (mild allergic, anaphylactic, febrile,...

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 5: Blood Transfusions

Cathy Parkes

The types of blood products and infusion times for each of these products. Best practices for blood transfusions and the different types of blood transfusion reactions (mild allergic, anaphylactic, febrile,...

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 20: Polycythemia, Coagulation Disorders - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 25: Polycythemia, Coagulation Disorders

Cathy Parkes

Polycythemia, including the pathophysiology, signs/symptoms, labs/diagnosis, and treatment of this condition. The following coagulation disorders: hemophilia, immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 25: Polycythemia, Coagulation Disorders

Cathy Parkes

Polycythemia, including the pathophysiology, signs/symptoms, labs/diagnosis, and treatment of this condition. The following coagulation disorders: hemophilia, immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 19: Anemia, Sickle Cell Anemia - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 24: Anemia, Sickle Cell Anemia

Cathy Parkes

The pathophysiology of anemia and discusses the following causes/types of anemia: blood loss, iron-deficiency anemia, vitamin deficiency anemia, aplastic anemia, and hemolytic anemia. The signs/symptoms and treatment of anemia. More...

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 24: Anemia, Sickle Cell Anemia

Cathy Parkes

The pathophysiology of anemia and discusses the following causes/types of anemia: blood loss, iron-deficiency anemia, vitamin deficiency anemia, aplastic anemia, and hemolytic anemia. The signs/symptoms and treatment of anemia. More...

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 18: Myocardial Infarction, PCI, CABG - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 23: Myocardial Infarction, PCI, CABG

Cathy Parkes

A myocardial infarction, including the pathophysiology, signs/symptoms, labs, diagnosis, treatment, and nursing care associated with an MI. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) procedures.

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Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 23: Myocardial Infarction, PCI, CABG

Cathy Parkes

A myocardial infarction, including the pathophysiology, signs/symptoms, labs, diagnosis, treatment, and nursing care associated with an MI. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) procedures.

1 comment
Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 17: Angina - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 22: Angina

Cathy Parkes

Angina, including the pathophysiology, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and patient teaching associated with angina. The difference in symptoms between angina and myocardial infarction.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 22: Angina

Cathy Parkes

Angina, including the pathophysiology, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and patient teaching associated with angina. The difference in symptoms between angina and myocardial infarction.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 16: Shock - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 21: Shock

Cathy Parkes

Shock, including the following types of shock: hypovolemic shock, cardiogenic shock, obstructive shock, distributive shock (septic shock, neurogenic shock, anaphylactic shock). The signs/symptoms, labs, treatment, and nursing care for shock.

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Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 21: Shock

Cathy Parkes

Shock, including the following types of shock: hypovolemic shock, cardiogenic shock, obstructive shock, distributive shock (septic shock, neurogenic shock, anaphylactic shock). The signs/symptoms, labs, treatment, and nursing care for shock.

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Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 15: Venous Thromboembolism, Venous Insufficiency, Varicose Veins - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 20: Venous Thromboembolism, Venous Insufficiency, Varicose Veins

Cathy Parkes

Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). The pathophysiology, risk factors, signs/symptoms, labs, diagnosis, treatment, and nursing care of a DVT and PE. Venous...

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 20: Venous Thromboembolism, Venous Insufficiency, Varicose Veins

Cathy Parkes

Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). The pathophysiology, risk factors, signs/symptoms, labs, diagnosis, treatment, and nursing care of a DVT and PE. Venous...

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 14: Buerger's Disease and Raynaud's - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 19: Buerger's Disease and Raynaud's

Cathy Parkes

Buerger's disease and Raynaud's, including Raynaud's disease and Raynaud's phenomenon. The pathophysiology, risk factors, signs/symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and patient teaching associated with these conditions.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 19: Buerger's Disease and Raynaud's

Cathy Parkes

Buerger's disease and Raynaud's, including Raynaud's disease and Raynaud's phenomenon. The pathophysiology, risk factors, signs/symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and patient teaching associated with these conditions.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 13: Aneurysms - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 18: Aneurysms

Cathy Parkes

Aneurysms, including an abdominal aortic aneurysms and a thoracic aortic aneurysm. The pathophysiology, risk factors, signs/symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, nursing care, and patient teaching associated with aneurysms.

1 comment

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 18: Aneurysms

Cathy Parkes

Aneurysms, including an abdominal aortic aneurysms and a thoracic aortic aneurysm. The pathophysiology, risk factors, signs/symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, nursing care, and patient teaching associated with aneurysms.

1 comment
Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 12: Peripheral Arterial Disease, Peripheral Bypass Graft - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 17: Peripheral Arterial Disease, Peripheral Bypass Graft

Cathy Parkes

The pathophysiology, risk factors, signs/symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and patient teaching associated with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Nursing care and complications associated with a peripheral bypass graft.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 17: Peripheral Arterial Disease, Peripheral Bypass Graft

Cathy Parkes

The pathophysiology, risk factors, signs/symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and patient teaching associated with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Nursing care and complications associated with a peripheral bypass graft.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 11: Atherosclerosis and Hypertension - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 16: Atherosclerosis and Hypertension

Cathy Parkes

The pathophysiology, risk factors, signs and symptoms, labs, diagnosis, treatment, nursing care, and patient teaching associated with atherosclerosis and hypertension.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 16: Atherosclerosis and Hypertension

Cathy Parkes

The pathophysiology, risk factors, signs and symptoms, labs, diagnosis, treatment, nursing care, and patient teaching associated with atherosclerosis and hypertension.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 10: Pericarditis, Tamponade, Cardiomyopathy - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 15: Pericarditis, Tamponade, Cardiomyopathy

Cathy Parkes

The pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and nursing care associated with pericarditis, cardiac tamponade, and cardiomyopathy.

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Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 15: Pericarditis, Tamponade, Cardiomyopathy

Cathy Parkes

The pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and nursing care associated with pericarditis, cardiac tamponade, and cardiomyopathy.

1 comment
Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 9: Valvular Heart Disease, Infective Endocarditis, Rheumatic Carditis - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 14: Valvular Heart Disease, Infective Endocarditis, Rheumatic Carditis

Cathy Parkes

Pathophysiology, risk factors, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of valvular heart disease, infective endocarditis, and rheumatic carditis.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 14: Valvular Heart Disease, Infective Endocarditis, Rheumatic Carditis

Cathy Parkes

Pathophysiology, risk factors, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of valvular heart disease, infective endocarditis, and rheumatic carditis.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 8: Heart Failure - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 13: Heart Failure

Cathy Parkes

The pathophysiology of heart failure, the signs and symptoms of left-sided and right-sided heart failure, labs, diagnosis, treatment, and nursing care associated with heart failure.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 13: Heart Failure

Cathy Parkes

The pathophysiology of heart failure, the signs and symptoms of left-sided and right-sided heart failure, labs, diagnosis, treatment, and nursing care associated with heart failure.

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 7: Cardioversion, Pacemakers - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 12: Cardioversion, Pacemakers

Cathy Parkes

Electrical and chemical cardioversion, as well as nursing care for a patient receiving cardioversion. Pacemakers, including types of pacing, pacemaker modes, post-op nursing care, and patient teaching regarding pacemakers

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Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 12: Cardioversion, Pacemakers

Cathy Parkes

Electrical and chemical cardioversion, as well as nursing care for a patient receiving cardioversion. Pacemakers, including types of pacing, pacemaker modes, post-op nursing care, and patient teaching regarding pacemakers

1 comment
Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 6: Dysrhythmias - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 11: Dysrhythmias

Cathy Parkes

Sinus dysrhythmias (sinus tachycardia, sinus bradycardia, and sinus arrhythmia), including the causes and treatment of these dysrhythmias. Atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, and aystole. Finally, atrioventricular blocks,...

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Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 11: Dysrhythmias

Cathy Parkes

Sinus dysrhythmias (sinus tachycardia, sinus bradycardia, and sinus arrhythmia), including the causes and treatment of these dysrhythmias. Atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, and aystole. Finally, atrioventricular blocks,...

1 comment
Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 5: Diagnostic Procedures, Coronary Angiogram - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 7: Diagnostic Procedures, Coronary Angiogram

Cathy Parkes

Diagnostic procedures associated with the Cardiovascular system, including: electrocardiography (EKG), echocardiogram, transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE), and hemodynamic monitoring. Coverage of a coronary angiogram (or "cardiac cath"), including pre-procedure and post-procedure nursing...

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 7: Diagnostic Procedures, Coronary Angiogram

Cathy Parkes

Diagnostic procedures associated with the Cardiovascular system, including: electrocardiography (EKG), echocardiogram, transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE), and hemodynamic monitoring. Coverage of a coronary angiogram (or "cardiac cath"), including pre-procedure and post-procedure nursing...

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 4: Diagnostic Tests - Labs - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 6: Diagnostic Tests - Labs

Cathy Parkes

Diagnostic tests associated with the Cardiovascular system. This includes cardiac enzymes (CK-MB, myoglobin, troponin T, troponin I), cholesterol (total cholesterol, LDL, triglycerides, HDL), blood pressure, red blood cells (RBCs), platelets,...

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Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 6: Diagnostic Tests - Labs

Cathy Parkes

Diagnostic tests associated with the Cardiovascular system. This includes cardiac enzymes (CK-MB, myoglobin, troponin T, troponin I), cholesterol (total cholesterol, LDL, triglycerides, HDL), blood pressure, red blood cells (RBCs), platelets,...

3 comments
Med-Surg Cardiovascular System, part 3: Hematologic System - Blood Components and Hemostasis - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 3: Hematologic System - Blood Components and Hemostasis

Cathy Parkes

Anatomy and Physiology review with focus on the hematologic system. The blood components, including plasma and formed elements. A high-level overview of the steps involved in hemostasis (blood clotting). Primary...

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 3: Hematologic System - Blood Components and Hemostasis

Cathy Parkes

Anatomy and Physiology review with focus on the hematologic system. The blood components, including plasma and formed elements. A high-level overview of the steps involved in hemostasis (blood clotting). Primary...

Med-Surg Cardiovascular System, part 2: Heart Conduction System, Cardiac Function, Blood Pressure - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 2: Heart Conduction System, Cardiac Function, Blood Pressure

Cathy Parkes

The steps in the heart's conduction system. Components of the cardiac cycle, including diastole and systole. Stroke volume, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), preload, afterload, and blood pressure (including systolic...

3 comments

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 2: Heart Conduction System, Cardiac Function, Blood Pressure

Cathy Parkes

The steps in the heart's conduction system. Components of the cardiac cycle, including diastole and systole. Stroke volume, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), preload, afterload, and blood pressure (including systolic...

3 comments
Med-Surg Cardiovascular System, part 1: Introduction, Anatomy & Physiology Review - LevelUpRN

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 1: Introduction, Anatomy & Physiology Review

Cathy Parkes

An introduction to the Medical Surgical nursing Cardiovascular playlist. Review of the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system. This includes discussion of the components and functions of the cardiovascular...

1 comment

Med-Surg - Cardiovascular System, part 1: Introduction, Anatomy & Physiology Review

Cathy Parkes

An introduction to the Medical Surgical nursing Cardiovascular playlist. Review of the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system. This includes discussion of the components and functions of the cardiovascular...

1 comment