Nutrition, part 21: Nutritional Guidance for Respiratory Disorders


Cathy discusses nutritional guidance for individuals with respiratory disorders, including COPD, cystic fibrosis, and tuberculosis. At the end of the video, she provides a quiz to test your understanding of some of the key facts she presented in the video.

  • 00:00 Intro
  • 00:37 Nutrition for COPD
  • 1:29 Nutrition for Cystic Fibrosis
  • 2:29 Nutrition for Tuberculosis
  • 2:58 Quiz Time!

Full Transcript: Nutrition, part 21: Nutritional Guidance for Respiratory Disorders

Hi, I'm Cathy with Level Up RN. In this video, I'm going to continue my coverage of topics from our Level Up RN nutrition flashcard deck. Specifically, I'll be talking about nutritional guidance for select respiratory disorders, including COPD, cystic fibrosis, and tuberculosis. And at the end of the video, I'm going to give you guys a quiz to test your understanding of some of the key points I'll be covering. So definitely stay tuned for that. And if you have our nutrition flashcards, go ahead and pull out your flashcard on respiratory disorders so you can follow along with me.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD is a chronic lung disease that causes airway obstruction. COPD includes two main conditions, which are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Individuals with COPD exert a lot of energy just to breathe and often have difficulty eating due to shortness of breath. Therefore, many patients with COPD are malnourished. It is recommended that individuals with COPD consume a high-calorie, high-protein diet. They should also consume small, frequent meals and rest before meals to help with shortness of breath. And then increased fluid intake is also recommended to help thin the respiratory secretions.

Next, we're going to talk about cystic fibrosis, which is an autosomal recessive disorder that results in abnormally thick, sticky mucus that plugs organ ducts and results in breathing issues, pancreatic dysfunction, and malabsorption issues. Individuals with cystic fibrosis have two times the energy needs of other individuals. So a high fat, high-calorie, high-protein diet is recommended. Pancreatic enzymes need to be taken with meals and snacks to help with digestion, and fat-soluble vitamin supplementation is typically required as well. So this is vitamin A, D, E, and K. And then lastly, individuals with cystic fibrosis lose more salt with their sweat and are at increased risk for dehydration. So increased intake of salt and fluids is typically advised.

And lastly, let's talk briefly about tuberculosis or TB. TB is an infectious disease of the lungs that results in a persistent cough, bloody sputum, night sweats, and fatigue. It also causes decreased appetite, weight loss, and malnutrition. Therefore, a high-calorie, high-protein, nutrient-dense diet is recommended for patients with tuberculosis.

All right, it's quiz time. Are you guys ready? Question number 1, individuals with COPD are advised to eat small, frequent meals and rest before meals. True or false?

The answer is true. Question number 2, when should a patient with cystic fibrosis take pancreatic enzymes?

The answer is with meals and snacks. Question number 3, how should protein and calorie intake be adjusted for an individual with tuberculosis?

The answer is they should be increased.

All right. That's it for this video. I hope it was helpful. Take care, and thank you so much for watching.

Back to blog

Leave a comment

Please note, comments need to be approved before they are published.